Laporan Tahunan UPNM 2020

183 Un i v e r s i t i P e r t a h a n a n Na s i o n a l Ma l a y s i a L A P O R A N T A H U N A N 2 0 2 0 Penerbitan Ilmiah Judul: UPNM Research Series - Flipped Classroom - A Revised Approach to Teaching and Learning ISBN: 978-967-2414-25-4 Format/Bahasa: Bercetak/Bahasa Inggeris Pengarang: Jowati Juhary, Ahmad Fahimi Amir Ringkasan: Flipped classroom is now a well-accepted concept due to the demands of education to utilise digital technology for teaching and learning. What this suggests is that the students are now expected to reada/watch/listen to the lectures through the learning management system (LMS) or an e-learning portal before coming to the classes. What traditionally was practised is that students were given lectures during face-toface sessions. Now, students do their ‘homework’ with the help of the instructors during face-to-face sessions. The concept is now being used successfully in some higher learning institutions in Malaysia, including Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor. In fact, the emphasis is given by the Ministry of Education, Malaysia for all higher learning institutions to incorporate the use of technology in teaching and learning. Given this, the National Defence University of Malaysia (NDUM) must also be prepared to rise to this challenge. Judul: UPNM Research Series - Military Robot Path Planning Based on the Laplace’s Question Using Explicit Iterative Methods ISBN: 978-967-2414-26-1 Format/Bahasa: Bercetak/Bahasa Inggeris Pengarang: A’Qilah Ahmad Dahalan, Azali Saudi, Jumat Sulaiman Ringkasan: Essentially, the key issue in mobile robot navigation is the capability in finding its own path from an arbitrary start location to a specified target location without bumping with any obstacles while traveling. The effectiveness of a search algorithm is examine based on the use of Laplacian potentials of the environment to produce smooth and safe route for mobile robot navigation in a static known indoor environment. By using the operator of the Laplacian, the harmonic potential is discretized to form an equation of algebraic approximations. This algebraic linear system will be computed via several proposed iterative methods for rapid computation. The researchers hope that the findings of this research would be able to provide suitable iterative methods for navigation of military robot to enhance the efficiency of path planning in static known indoor environment. Layout (Annual Report UPNM 2020).indd 183 07/03/2022 11:50 AM