Laporan Tahunan UPNM 2020

182 Un i v e r s i t i P e r t a h a n a n Na s i o n a l Ma l a y s i a L A P O R A N T A H U N A N 2 0 2 0 Penerbitan Ilmiah Judul: UPNM Research Series - An Investigation into the Impacts of A Cyber Exercise in Malaysia ISBN: 978-967-2414-24-7 Format/Bahasa: Bercetak/Bahasa Inggeris Pengarang: Arniyati Ahmad Ringkasan: Critical infrastructures (CIs) include telecommunications, electrical power systems, banking and finance, transportation, water supply systems and emergency services. According to Cho (2010), these sectors are categorised differently based on a country’s definition of critical infrastructures. Cyber exercises have been incorporated in national cyber security strategies as part of critical information infrastructure protection (CIIP). However, organising a collaborative cyber-exercise involved multi sectors is challenging due to the diversity of participants’ background, working environments and incidents response policies in their organisation. How well the lessons learned from the cyber exercise and how it can be transferred to the participating organisations is still an impending question. In order to understand the implications of cyber exercises on what participants have learnt and how it benefits participants’ organisation, a Cyber Exercise Post Assessment (CEPA) framework was proposed in this research. Judul: UPNM Research Series - Portable Spring Characteristics Checking Tool for Small Arms ISBN: 978-967-2414-22-3 Format/Bahasa: Bercetak/Bahasa Inggeris Pengarang: Razali Abidin Ringkasan: This book presents the development of a method and apparatus to evaluate deterioration of performance of springs in small arms. Deterioration in performance of springs compromised the reliability of small arms. Since small arms are widely used worldwide, this motivates us to develop a method that enables quick assessment of reduction in its spring performance. A better understanding of springs behaviour in small arms will provide a time frame for preventivemaintenance which reduces the probability of failure. Judul: Siri Penyelidikan UPNM - Kecemerlangan Anggota Tentera Darat Berdasarkan Etika Kerja Islam ISBN: 978-967-2414-23-0 Format/Bahasa: Bercetak/Bahasa Malaysia Pengarang: Wan Norhasniah Wan Husin, Ahmad Azan Ridzuan, Wan Kamal Mujani, Wan Muhammad Izrin Wan Rashid Ringkasan: Objektif utama kajian ini adalah untuk mengenal pasti permasalahan etika kerja dalam kalangan tentera Malaysia, dari sudut etika kerja Islam (EKI) yang merangkumi empat dimensi iaitu akhlak, kepimpinan, syura, dan persekitaran kerja. Layout (Annual Report UPNM 2020).indd 182 07/03/2022 11:50 AM